Interesting historical facts about chicken
Modern chicken used for baked meat and other dishes is believed to descend from the Red Jungle Fowl. This bird species was first domesticated in northern India and Southeast Asia over 4000 years ago.
Also around 4000 years ago, the Egyptians built very large brick incubators. Incubators could hold up to 10,000 chicks at a time. Around 600 BC, the Babylonians depicted the chicken in their sculptures.
In the Middle Ages, chicken was the most popular meat. People thought meat was easier to digest.
In the 1980s, breast meat made up 10% of the total weight of chicken. In 2007, this number increased to 21%.
During World War II, the consumption of chicken in the United States increased due to a decrease in the availability of beef and veal.
About 95% of restaurants in the United States have chicken on the menu. The most popular dish is fried chicken, which accounts for over 50% of the chicken dishes ordered in the United States.
In 2003, the average number of pounds consumed by an American in a year was 81.5 pounds. In 2007, the number increased to 84.9 pounds per year. Cornish and White Rock are the most popular breeds for consumption in the United States.
Other interesting facts about chicken
There are workers called chicken sexers. Their job is to separate the female chicks from the male chicks. To do this, a sexer holds a chick in a 300-watt bulb to examine external models. Females are bred for spawning, while males are bred for consumption. A professional sexer can examine a thousand chicks per hour with 98% accuracy. That’s 8,000 chicks a day.
In 2000, China had the largest population of chickens in the world. About 3.6 billion of them lived in China. The second largest population was in the United States, where there were 1.7 billion chickens. Next come Indonesia (1 billion), Brazil (950 million) and Mexico (476 million).
Gainesville, Georgia is the “Chicken Capital of the World”. There, eating meat with a fork is considered illegal.
The skin color of the chicken ranges from yellow to cream. The color of the skin depends on the type of food given to the animal.
You can freeze chicken meat for up to two years and it will not change color or flavor.
Baked chicken is one of the easiest and healthiest dishes. When the internal temperature of baked meat has reached 160-170 degrees F (as measured by a meat thermometer), it is considered safe to eat. The pinkish tint of baked meat is caused by hemoglobin in the tissue of the meat which has become a heat stable color.